Industry News

December 2021 crude steel production and 2021 global crude steel production totals

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Author : Brussels, Belgium
Update time : 2022-02-21 17:48:36

December 2021 crude steel production

World crude steel production for the 64 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 158.7 million tonnes (Mt) in December 2021, a 3.0% decrease compared to December 2020.

 

Crude steel production by region

Africa produced 1.2 Mt in December 2021, down 9.6% on December 2020. Asia and Oceania produced 116.1 Mt, down 4.4%. The CIS produced 8.9 Mt, down 3.0%. The EU (27) produced 11.1 Mt, down 1.4%. Europe, Other produced 4.3 Mt, down 0.8%. The Middle East produced 3.9 Mt, up 22.1%. North America produced 9.7 Mt, up 7.5%. South America produced 3.5 Mt, down 8.7%.

Table 1. Crude steel production by region      
  Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Dec 21/20   Jan-Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Jan-Dec 21/20      
Africa 1.2 -9.6   16.0 26.7      
Asia and Oceania 116.1 -4.4   1,382.0 0.6      
CIS 8.9 -3.0   105.6 5.6      
EU (27) 11.1 -1.4   152.5 15.4      
Europe, Other 4.3 -0.8   51.2 11.6      
Middle East 3.9 22.1   41.2 1.2      
North America 9.7 7.5   117.8 16.6      
South America 3.5 -8.7   45.6 17.8      
Total 64 countries 158.7 -3.0   1,911.9 3.6      
                 

The 64 countries included in this table accounted for approximately 98% of total world crude steel production in 2020. Regions and countries covered by the table:

  • Africa: Egypt, Libya, South Africa
  • Asia and Oceania: Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan (China), Vietnam
  • CIS: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
  • European Union (27)
  • Europe, Other: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • Middle East: Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
  • North America: Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, United States
  • South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

 

Top 10 steel-producing countries

China produced 86.2 Mt in December 2021, down 6.8% on December 2020. India produced 10.4 Mt, up 0.9%. Japan produced 7.9 Mt, up 5.4%. The United States produced 7.2 Mt, up 11.9%. Russia is estimated to have produced 6.6 Mt, the same as in December 2020. South Korea produced 6.0 Mt, up 1.1%. Germany produced 3.1 Mt, up 0.1%. Turkey produced 3.3 Mt, down 2.3%. Brazil produced 2.6 Mt, down 11.4%. Iran is estimated to have produced 2.8 Mt, up 15.1%.

Table 2. Top 10 steel-producing countries
  Dec 2021 (Mt)   % change Dec 21/20   Jan-Dec 2021 (Mt) % change Jan-Dec 21/20
China 86.2   -6.8   1,032.8 -3.0
India 10.4   0.9   118.1 17.8
Japan 7.9   5.4   96.3 14.9
United States 7.2   11.9   86.0 18.3
Russia 6.6 e 0.0   76.0 6.1
South Korea 6.0   1.1   70.6 5.2
Turkey 3.3   -2.3   40.4 12.7
Germany 3.1   0.1   40.1 12.3
Brazil 2.6   -11.4   36.0 14.7
Iran 2.8 e 15.1   28.5 -1.8

2021 global crude steel production totals

Total world crude steel production was 1,950.5 Mt in 2021, a 3.7% increase compared to 2020. 

Rank   2021 2020 %2021/2020
1 China 1 032.8 1 064.7 -3
2 India 118.1 100.3 17.8
3 Japan 96.3 83.2 15.8
4 United States 86 72.7 18.3
5 Russia (e) 76 71.6 6.1
6 South Korea 70.6 67.1 5.2
7 Turkey 40.4 35.8 12.7
8 Germany 40.1 35.7 12.3
9 Brazil 36 31.4 14.7
10 Iran (e) 28.5 29 -1.8
11 Italy 24.4 20.4 19.7
12 Viet Nam (e) 23.6 19.9 18.4
13 Taiwan, China (e) 23.3 21 10.9
14 Ukraine 21.4 20.6 3.6
15 Mexico (e) 18.4 16.8 9.5
16 Spain 14 11 27.7
17 France 13.9 11.6 20.3
18 Canada (e) 12.8 11 16.2
19 Indonesia (e) 12.5 12.9 -2.9
20 Egypt 10.3 8.2 25.1
21 Saudi Arabia 8.7 7.8 12.3
22 Poland (e) 8.4 7.9 6.5
23 Austria (e) 7.9 6.8 17.1
24 United Kingdom (e) 7.4 7.1 3.9
25 Belgium (e) 7 6.1 13.6
26 Netherlands 6.6 6.1 9.4
27 Malaysia (e) 6.5 6.6 -1.8
28 Australia 5.8 5.5 6
29 Thailand (e) 5.6 4.5 25.8
30 Bangladesh (e) 5.5 5.5 0
31 Pakistan (e) 5.3 3.8 39.9
32 South Africa (e) 5 3.9 29.5
33 Argentina 4.9 3.7 33.5
34 Slovakia 4.9 3.4 41.2
35 Czechia 4.8 4.5 7.9
36 Sweden 4.7 4.4 6.1
37 Kazakhstan (e) 4.4 3.9 12.5
38 Finland 4.3 3.5 24.1
39 Algeria (e) 4 4 0
40 Romania (e) 3.4 2.8 21.8
  Others 36.2 34 6.4
  World 1 950.5 1 880.4 3.7
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